What is a criminal complaint and getting to know more about the keyword of legal petition?
To succeed in the judiciary, it is very effective to know the differences between a criminal complaint and a legal petition.
A criminal case is related to an act for which the court determines a punishment for the offender, but the court does not consider a punishment for a legal dispute and only forces the offender to give the legal rights of others or fulfill his/her duties.
A criminal complaint can be written on any paper and taken to a judicial authority, but a legal complaint must be written on a special sheet called a petition, otherwise it will not be accepted (the petition is sold in the courts).
A criminal complaint should be first taken to an authority called the prosecutor's office for investigation, and after conducting investigations in the police station and prosecutor's office, it will be sent to the court for investigation. But the legal petition must be taken directly to the court.
Criminal complaints can be filed in court without a lawyer. But most of the legal complaints must be filed by a lawyer (for example, complaints that are financial and more than one million tomans).
To file a criminal complaint (of any kind) only a stamp of 2000 Tomans is required, which is stamped in the court. But in order to file a legal complaint, one and a half thousand stamps should be invalidated in amount to the financial value of the lawsuit (for example, a stamp amounting to 150,000 tomans is required to receive a demand of 10 million tomans).
The cases of many criminal complaints are not closed even with the withdrawal of the complaint from the accuser (such as complaints about bribery, murder, adultery, etc.), but legal complaints are terminated when the complaint is withdrawn from the accuser.
In criminal complaints, the complainant is called the accuser, his side is called the complainant or the defendant, and the subject of the case is also called the charge. But in legal complaints, the complainant is called the petitioner. His party is called the defendant and the subject of the case is also called the plaintiff.
To invite the party to the criminal complaint (accused) to the court, a sheet called order is sent to him, but to invite the party to the legal complaint (respondent) they use a sheet called notice.